|Object ID||1874.004 a|
|Object Name||Cover, Chair Seat|
|Credit line||Gift of Mr. James Trimble|
|Year Range from||1750|
|Year Range to||1800|
|Made||Elizabeth Maxwell Job (?)|
|Description||Hand-stitched chair cushion used on a chair that originally belonged to Elizabeth Foe Maxwell (1659 - circa 1720), sister of English author, Daniel Defoe (1660-1731). The cover is made from red and (once) white wool in an eight-pointed star design. The backing is made from brown cotton with a repeating pattern of small darker and lighter brown dots. The outer cover is sewn over a blue and white striped mattress cover canvas cushion. The whole cushion was secured to the chair with two red wool twill weave ties at the back and two loop cords at the front. The cushion was made later than the original chair it accompanied.|
|Dimensions||H-1.75 W-16 D-13.75 inches|
|Dimension Details||Dimensions of cushion; remaining back tie is 14 1/2" long; front loop ties are 12 1/2" long|
|Owned||Maxwell, Job, & Trimble families|
This cushion originally accompanied a chair that came from the Maxwell family home in London, England, where it was said to have been used by English author, Daniel Defoe, when he stayed there. After his sister's death, Daniel Defoe sent several furniture items from the home of his deceased sister, Elizabeth Foe Maxwell, to her daughter, Elizabeth Maxwell Job (1700-1782), who had emigrated to Maryland in 1718/19. The chair that this cushion came from descended to her son Archibald and then grand-daughter, Sarah Job Trimble, who gave it to her son, Joseph Trimble (c. 1791-1873). When Joseph died, his brother James donated the chair to DHS through George and A.A. Capelle, Wilmington hardware merchants with whom he had done business.
The chair was transferred to Winterhur Museum in 1986 but DHS retained this cushion from it.
Elizabeth Maxwell Job
|Material||Wool cover; canvas cushion|
|Place of Origin||Calvert, Maryland|